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A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia

For industrial, agricultural, and drinking needs in inland regions, rivers and lakes serve as the main water sources. The factors that impact water quality on a chemical, physical, and biological level are always important. The microbiological quality is crucial and must never be sacrificed in order to provide visually appealing and acceptable water. The most important water quality properties—temperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, heavy metals, chlorides, nitrates, fluorides, sulfates, bacteria, COD, BOD, DO, etc.—are basic evaluation parameters. This study aimed to review the physicochemical characteristics of water quality in selected areas of Ethiopia. The concentration of those physicochemical properties in water was compared with WHO permissible levels. As a result, turbidity, K, and Na were found beyond WHO permissible levels and the others were found within the acceptable range. Existence beyond acceptable range is a result of daily human activity, the lake closest to the city, and poor household waste management. From this study, we recommend that it is better to study water quality assessment properly and regularly. It's also suggested to create an effective waste management system and prevent the untreated discharge of industrial waste into nearby lakes and rivers. Likewise, creating and raising awareness about treating water with modern waste management technologies is also important.

Ethiopia, Physicochemical, Quality, Water

APA Style

Kasahun Wale, Bealu Girma. (2023). A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 11(2), 19-22.

ACS Style

Kasahun Wale; Bealu Girma. A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Sci. J. Anal. Chem. 2023, 11(2), 19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12

AMA Style

Kasahun Wale, Bealu Girma. A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Water Quality in Selected Areas of Ethiopia. Sci J Anal Chem. 2023;11(2):19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20231102.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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