Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019, Page: 1-12
Bioremediation of Petroleum Sludge Impacted Soils Using Agro-Waste from Moringa Seed
Useh Mercy Uwem, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Dauda Mary Sunday, Department of Chemistry, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Abdulrahman Funke Wosilat, Department of Chemistry, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Useh Uwem Jonah, Department of Pollution Control, Ecological Fund Office, Federal Secretariat Phase 2, Abuja, Nigeria
Received: Dec. 18, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 29, 2018;       Published: Jan. 30, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjac.20190701.11      View  27      Downloads  12
The feasibility of using agricultural waste from drumstick (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) seed as organic fertilizer to remediate petroleum sludge impacted soils within an 8.5 km radius from Warri Refinery and Petrochemical Company (WRPC) in Delta State, Nigeria was studied using standard methods. The experimental set-up was monitored for 90 days at 30 days interval. The total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contents across the 5 sampling sites(A to E) for day 1 were (293846.00, 4255.87), (123874.00, 2942.04), (97291.00, 1818.38), (87561.23, 928.22), (48063.61, 189.93) (mg/kg) as against the control (651.18, 68.06) (mg/kg) respectively. After treatment with the agro-waste from Moringa seed for 90 days, the TPH and PAH contents from sites A to E degraded to (652.58, 5.66), (520.67, 3.09), (254.32, 4.81), (68.80, 0.48) and (61.29, 1.66) (mg/kg) while the control site exhibited (50.62, 0.46) (mg/kg) respectively as detected via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). From the Soil Quality Standards (SQSs) conducted after day 30, only the control site was free from the traces of contamination recorded at day 1. SQSs after 60 days indicated that sites D and E were no more contaminated. SQSs conducted after 90 days revealed that all the sites were free from petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. This result indicated that Moringa Oleifera seed cake (MOSC) is a suitable biostimulant for remediation of petroleum sludge impacted soils.
Moringa Seed, Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Contamination, Soil, Remediation
To cite this article
Useh Mercy Uwem, Dauda Mary Sunday, Abdulrahman Funke Wosilat, Useh Uwem Jonah, Bioremediation of Petroleum Sludge Impacted Soils Using Agro-Waste from Moringa Seed, Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-12. doi: 10.11648/j.sjac.20190701.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Useh, M. U. and Dauda, M. S. Chemical Evaluation of Petroleum Sludge Impacted Soils from Itsekiri Communities around Warri Refinery, Delta State, Nigeria. Chemical Science International Journal, 2018, 23(4), pp. 1-15. DOI: 10.9734/CSJI/2018/42965.
Adelana, S. and Adeosun, T. Environmental pollution and remediation: challenges and management of oil spillage in the Nigerian coastal areas. Am. J. Sci. Ind. Res, 2011, 2(9), pp. 834–845. DOI: 10.5251/AJSIR.2011.2.6.834.845.
Abdulsalam, S. Bugaje, I. M., Adefila, S. S. and Ibrahim, S. Comparison of biostimulation and bioaugmentation for remediation of soil contaminated with spent motor oil. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 2011, 8(3), pp. 187–194. DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-3-2-2.
Sam, K. Prpich, G. and Coulon, F. Working towards an integrated land contamination management framework for Nigeria. Sci Total Environ. 2016, 5(7), pp. 916-925. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.07.075.
Brombal, D., Wang, H., Pizzol, L. Critto, A. Giubilato, E. and Guo, G. Soil environmental management systems for contaminated sites in China and the EU. Land Use Policy, 2015, 4(8), pp. 286–298. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11822/15837
da Silva, L. J. and de França, F. P. A review of the technological solutions for the treatment of oily sludges from petroleum refineries. Waste Manag Resources, 2012, 30(10), pp. 16–30. DOI: 10.1177/0734242X12448517.
Uche, O. M., Owhondah, W. M. and Augustine, U. A. The Omoku old pipeline oil spill: Total hydrocarbon content of affected soils and the impact on the nutritive value of food crops.Archiv. Appl. Sc. Reources, 2017, 3(7), pp. 514-521. DOI: 10.20546/aasr.2017.603.02.
Abioye, O. P., Agamuthu, P. and Abdul-Aziz, R. A. Biodegradation of used motor oil using organic waste amendment, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012.DOI:10.1155/2012/587041.
Sam, K. Environmental Management of Oil Contaminated Sites in Nigeria: Improving Policy and Risk-based Framework, Cranfield University. UK: University press, 2016.
Elum, Z. A. Mopipi, K. and Henri-Ukoha, A. Oil exploitation and its socioeconomic effects on the Niger Delta region of Nigeria,Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 2016, 2(3), pp. 880–889. DOI:10.1007/s11356-016-6864-1.
Towell, M. G., Bellarby, J., Paton, G. I., Coulon, F.,Pollard, S. T. and Semple, K. T. Mineralization of target hydrocarbons in three contaminated soils from former refinery facilities.Environmental Pollution, 2010, 15(9), pp. 515-523.DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.10.015.
Inam, E., Offiong, N. A., Essien, J., Kang, S., Kang, S. Y. and Antia, B. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons loads and potential risks in freshwater ecosystem of the Ikpa River basin, Niger Delta—Nigeria. Environ. Monit. Assess., 2016, 18(8), pp. 1–16. DOI:10.1007/s10661-015-5038-9.
Useh, M. U., Useh, U. J. and Dauda, M. S. Characterization of Environmental Samples around an Indigenous Refinery in Nigeria. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2017, 2(6), pp. 73-79. DOI: 10.11648/j.bmb.20170206.12.
Cundy, A. B., Bardos, R. P., Church, A., Puschenreiter, M., Friesl-Hanl, W., Müller, I., Neu, S., Mench, M., Witters, N. and Vangronsveld, J. Developing principles of sustainability and stakeholder engagement for “gentle” remediation approaches: the European context. J. Environ. Management, 2013, 1(29), pp. 283–291. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.07.032.
Bento, F. M., Camargo F. A., Okeke, B. C. and Frankenberger Jr., W. T. Diversity of biosurfactant producing microorganisms isolated from soils contaminated with diesel oil. Microbiological research, 2005, 16(3), pp. 249-255.DOI: 10.1016/j.micres.2004.08.005.
Gomes, H. I., Dias-Ferreira, C. and Ribeiro, A. B. Overview of in situ and ex situ remediation technologies for PCB-contaminated soils and sediments and obstacles for fullscale application. Sci. Total Environment, 2013, 4(45), pp. 237–260. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.11.098.
Gentry, T. J., Rensing, C. and Pepper, I. L. New approaches for biostimulation as a remediation technology. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technology, 2004, 3(4), pp. 447–494. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380490452362.
Torres, L. G, Climent, M., Saquelares, J., Bandala, E. R., Urquiza, G. and Iturbe, R. Characterization and treatability of a contaminated soil from an oil exploration zone. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technology, 2007, 4(3), pp. 311-322. DOI: http://www.ijest.org.
Ramírez, E. M., Jiménez, C. S., Camacho, J. V. and Cañizares, P. Feasibility of coupling permeable bio-barriers and electrokinetics for the treatment of diesel hydrocarbons polluted soils. Electrochim Acta, 2015, 18(10), pp. 192–199. DOI: 10.7508/pj.2015.01.014.
Agamuthu, P. Tan, Y. S. and Fauziah, S. H. Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil Using Selected Organic Wastes. Procedia Env Science, 2013, 18(2), pp. 694-702. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.04.094.
Chaineau, C. H., Rougeux, G., Yepremian, C. and Oudot, J. Effects of nutrient concentration on the biodegradation of crude oil and associated microbial populations in the soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2005, 3(7), pp. 90–97. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.01.012.
Hou, D. and Al-Tabbaa, A. Sustainability: a new imperative in contaminated land remediation. Environ. Sci. Policy, 2014, 3(9), pp. 25–34. DOI: 10.1016/j. esp.2014.09.046.
Verma, J. P. and Jaiswal, D. K. Book review: advances in biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial waste. Front Microbiology, 2016, 6(4), pp. 1–2.
Nikolopoulou, M., Pasadakis, N., Norf, H. and Kalogerakis, N. Enhanced ex situ bioremediation of crude oil contaminated beach sand by supplementation with nutrients and rhamnolipids. Mar Pollut Bull, 2013, 7(7), pp. 37–44. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.038.
Ajani A. O. Effectiveness of organic fertilizer as a biostimulating agent for the removal of naphthalene in soil. Appl. J. Envir. Eng. Science, 2017, 3(1), pp. 77-89. DOI: 10.12614/jees-3-2-7.
Ruberto, L., Vazquez, S. C. and Cormack, W. M. Effectiveness of the natural bacterial flora, biostimulation and bioaugmentation on the bioremediation of a hydrocarbon contaminated Antarctic soil. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation, 2013, 5(2), pp. 115–125. DOI: 10.4236/ibbio.1104449.
Amenaghawon, A. N., Asegame, P. A. and Obahiagbon, K. O. Potential Application of Urea and NPK 15: 15: 15 Fertilizers as Biostimulants in the Bioremediation of Domestic Wastewater. Scientific World Journal, 2013, 8(5), pp. 91-95. DOI: 10.12691/env-1-4-3.
Rowland, U. O., Yusuf, O. M. and Ify, L. N. Bioremediation of Crude Oil Contaminated Soil Using Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers. J Pet Environ Biotechnology, 2015, 6(1), pp. 27-35. DOI: 10.4172/2157-7463.1000198.
Adams, G. O., Tawari-Fufeyin, P. and Igelenyah, E. Bioremediation of spent oil contaminated soils using poultry litter. Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2014, 3(2), pp. 124-130. DOI: 10.12691/ijebb-3-1-5.
Dadrasnia, A. and Agamuthu, P. Potential biowastes to remediate diesel contaminated soils. Global NEST Journal, 2013, 15(4), pp. 474-484. DOI: https://journal.gnest.org /1031.
Andreea, B., Valer, M. and Ioana, M. S. The Effect of Organic Fertilizer from Farm Animals on the Bioremediation Process of Soil Polluted with Petroleum Hydrocarbons. Po Environment, 2015, 8(5), pp. 468-475. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21580103.2015.1142827.
Hamzah, A., Chia-Wei, P., Pek-Hoon, Y. and Nurul, H. Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch and Sugarcane Bagasse Enhance the Bioremediation of Soil Artificially Polluted by Crude Oil. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 2014, 23(7), pp. 751-762. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15320383.2014.870528.
Atagana, H. I. Compost bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil inoculated with organic manure. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2008, 7(10), pp. 1516-1525. DOI: https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/58707.
Mohan, S. V., Kisa, T., Ohkuma, T., Kanaly, R. A. and Shimizu, Y. Bioremediation technologies for treatment of PAH-contaminated soil and strategies to enhance process efficiency. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol, 2006, 5(6), pp. 347–374. DOI: 10.1007/s11157-006-0004-1.
Ubochi, K. C., Ibekwe, V. I. and Ezeji, E. U. Effect of organic fertilizer on microbial utilization of hydrocarbons on oil contaminated soil. Afr J Biotechnol., 2006, 5(1), pp. 84–87. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB06.143.
Abed, R. M., Kharusi, S. and Hinai, M. Effect of biostimulation, temperature and salinity on respiration activities and bacterial community composition in an oil polluted desert soil. Int. Biodeterior Biodegradation, 2015, 9(8), pp. 43–52. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2014.11.018.
Mrozik, A. and Piotrowska-Seget, Z. Biostimulation as a strategy for cleaning up of soils contaminated with aromatic compounds. Microbiol Res., 2010, 165(4), pp. 363–375. DOI: 10.1016/j.micres.2009.08.001.
]Emmanuel, S. A., Emmanuel, B. S., Zaku S. G and Thomas S. A. Biodiversity and agricultural productivity enhancement in Nigeria: application of processed Moringa Oleifera seedsfor improved organic farming. Agric and Bio J of North America, 2011, 2(5), pp. 867-871. DOI: 10.5251/abjna.2011.2.5.867.871.
Mangale S. M., Chonde S. G., Jadhav A. S. and Raut, P. D. Study of Moringa Oleifera (Drumstick) Seed as Natural Absorbent for River Water Treatment. Journal of Natural Product Plant Resource, 2012, 2(1), pp. 89-100.DOI: https://doi.org/12.91001.net/256194561.
Sam, K., Coulon, F. and Prpich, G. A multi-attribute methodology for the prioritisation of oil contaminated sites in the Niger Delta. Sci. Total Environ., 2017, 5(9), pp. 1323–1332. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.11.126.
United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Slugde sampling and analysis guidance document. EPA’s Office of Water Regulation and Standards, Washington, DC; 2005.
Laboratory Analytical Work Instruction (LAWI) for the Determination of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Soil/Sediment/Sludge in Gas Chromatography. Published by Fugro (Nig.) Ltd. 2011.
Vikashni, N., Matakite, M., Kanayathu, K. and Subramanium, S. Water Purification using Moringa Oleifera and other locally available seeds in Fiji for Heavy Metal removal. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2012, 2(7), pp. 125-129. https://www.researchgate.net./255484408.
Lim, M. W., Lau, E. and Von, P. E. A comprehensive guide of remediation technologies for oil contaminated soil — present works and future directions. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 2016, 3(7), pp. 356-367. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.04.023.
Nima H., Saeid G., and Mohammad, A. Characterization of oily sludge from a Tehran oil refinery. Waste Management & Research, 2010, 28(5), pp. 921–927. DOI: 10.1177/0734242X09345794.
Surajudeen, A. A. and Adaji, B. O. Comparison of Biostimulation and Bioaugmentation Techniques for the Remediation of Used Motor Oil Contaminated Soil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 2009, 52(3), pp. 747-754. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132009000300027.
VROM (Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment), “Soil Remediation Circular,” Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Hague. 2012.
Mishra, S., Jyot, J., Kuhad, R. C. and Lal, B. In situ bioremediation potential of an oily sludge-degrading bacterial consortium. Curr Microbiol, 2009, 4(3), pp. 328-335. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11688796.
Karami, A. and Shamsuddin, Z. H. Bioremediation of heavy metals with several efficiency enhancer methods. Afr J Biotechnol, 2010, 9(5), pp. 89–98. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/82231.
United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). United States Office of Solid Waste, EPA 542-F-12-003 Environmental Protection Emergency Response. 2012.
Chen, J., Zhou, H. C., Wang, C., Zhu, C. Q. and Tam, N. F. Short-term enhancement effect of nitrogen addition on microbial degradation and plant uptake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in contaminated mangrove soil. J Hazard Material, 2015, 3(8), pp. 84–92. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.06.053.
Pond, A., Snape, I., Rayner, J., Ferguson, S. and Harvey, P. Nitrogen requirements for maximizing petroleum bioremediation in a sub-Antarctic soil. Cold Reg Sci Technol, 2006, 4(8), pp. 84–91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2006.07.001.
Dadrasnia, A. and Agamuthu, P. Biostimulation and monitoring of diesel fuel polluted soil amended with biowaste. Pet. Sci. Technol, 2014, 3(2), pp. 2822–2828. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10916466.2014.913624.
Fester, T., Giebler, J., Wick, L. Y., Schlosser, D. and Kästner, M. Plant microbe interactions as drivers of ecosystem functions relevant for the biodegradation of organic contaminants. Current Opinions in Biotechnology, 2014, 2(7), pp. 168-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2014.01.017.
Mandal, A. J., Sarma, P. M., Singh, B., Jeyaseelan, C. P. and Channashettar, V. A. Bioremediation: An environment friendly sustainable biotechnological solution for remediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated waste. ARPN Journal of Science and Technology, 2012, 2(8), pp. 1-12. DOI: 12.1265/ej.s.res.2012.04.001.
Jiang, Y., Brassington, K. J., Prpich, G., Paton, G. I., Semple, K. T., Pollard, S. T. and Coulon, F. Insights into the biodegradation of weathered hydrocarbons in contaminated soils by bioaugmentation and nutrient stimulation. Chemosphere, 2016, 16(1), pp. 300–307. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.032.
Khudur, L. S., Shahsavari, E., Miranda, A. F. and Morrison, P. D. Evaluating the efficacy of bioremediating a diesel-contaminated soil using ecotoxicological and bacterial community indices. Environ Sci Pollut Res., 2015, 2(2), pp. 809-819. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4624-2.
Browse journals by subject